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सर्वोच्चका न्यायाधीश पराजुली झगडियासँग सपिङमा - News ONSNEWS.com (Many 31, 2015)

‘न्यायाधिशले झगाडिया मात्र होइन वकिललाई समेत भेट्न पाइदैन’ - कानुनविद् डा. बिपिन अधिकारी । ‘कमन ल’ मान्ने देशका न्यायाधिशले झगाडियालाई न्यायिक रोहमा बाहेक भेट गर्न नहुने बताउँछन् । न्यायाधिशले एक झगडियालाई भेट्दा दुवै पक्षले समान अवसर नपाउने हुँदा भेट गर्न नहुने अधिकारीले बताए । ‘एक पक्षलाई भेट्दा न्यायिक वातावरण बिग्रन्छ । ’ अधिकारीले भने, ‘न्यायाधिशले न्यायालय बाहिर कुनै झगाडियालाई भेट्ने कुरा आपत्तिजनक हो । ’  उनले अघि थपे, ‘न्यायिक रोहबाहेक न्यायाधिशले झगाडिया मात्र होइन वकिललाई समेत भेट्न पाइदैन ।’


SC plans to issue verdict in written form within 15 days - ekantipur.com (October 8, 2014)

Echoing similar sentiments, Bipin Adhikari, dean at the faculty of law at Kathmandu University, said there needs to be technical upgradation of human resources within the court. “Number of bench assistants needs to go up as they are involved in writing verdicts,” he said, adding the apex court should be treated as constitutional court which is confined to mere interpretation of the constitution and setting precedents.  “What we see is that every other issue is brought before the apex court whereby it gets bogged down with unnecessary issues. Instead, focus should be on increasing the jurisdiction of appeal courts and setting up specialised courts,” said Adhikari.


सभासद्लाई पाँच करोड असंवैधानिक र असंसदीय - नेपाल राष्ट्रिय साप्ताहिक, अंक: ६०५ | २०७१ श्रावण ४ | Jul 20, 2014
(संवैधानिक कानुनका जानकार विपिन अधिकारीलाई भने सभासद्हरूले बजेट दुरुपयोग गर्लान्, उचित प्रतिफल नआउला भन्ने चिन्ता छैन। "अहिले विरोध कस्तो देखिएको छ भने केही सभासद्ले खाने भए, बजेट दुरुपयोग हुने भयो भन्ने खालको छ," उनी भन्छन्, "यहाँ केही करोड रुपियाँ दुरुपयोगको मात्र प्रश्न छैन। यहाँ त प्रणाली नै भत्काइँदै छ। संसदीय मान्यता, शक्ति पृथकीकरण, नियन्त्रण र सन्तुलन नै बिगारँिदै छ। चिन्ताको विषय यो हो।"

... यी तिनै सभासद् हुन्, जसले आफ्नो मत दिएर सरकार चयन गरे। नीति, कार्यक्रम, बजेट र शासन-प्रशासन चलाउन 'म्यान्डेट' दिए। तर, उनीहरू नै अहिले बजेटमा यस्तो कार्यक्रम प्रस्ताव गररिहेका छन्, जहाँ आफ्नो विशेषाधिकार होस्। सभासद्हरूको यो चाला देखेर संवैधानिक कानुनका जानकार विपिन अधिकारी संसदीय प्रणाली र संवैधानिक व्यवस्थाबारे आजसम्म आर्जन गरेको ज्ञान भुत्ते भएको महसुस गररिहेका छन्। भन्छन्, "बजेट विशुद्ध कार्यकारण्िाीको अधिकारको कुरा हो। खर्च गर्ने अधिकारले सांसदलाई कार्यकारण्िाी बनाउँछ। हाम्रा सांसदहरू के आफँै कार्यकारण्िाी बन्न खोजेका हुन् ?"

...सरकारका कामकारबाही चित्त नबुझे समर्थन फिर्ता लिने, सरकार ढाल्ने वा नयाँ सरकार गठन गर्नेसम्मको अधिकार सांसदलाई छ। "तर, बजेट माग गर्ने, आफ्नो क्षेत्रमा आफूले चाहेका योजनामा खर्च गर्छु भन्ने अधिकार सांसदलाई छैन," अधिकारी भन्छन्, "सांसदले भूमिका खोज्ने संसद्भित्रै हो। अर्काको अधिकार क्षेत्रमा हस्तक्षेप गरेर होइन।" उनकै भनाइमा बजेट सञ्चालन संसदीय कामभित्र पर्दै पर्दैन तर हाम्रा सांसदहरू असंसदीय माग बोकेर हिँडिरहेका छन्।

... संविधान अनुसार सरकारले के-कस्तो तरकिाले बजेट खर्च गरेको छ, पारदर्शी र कानुन अनुसार भएको छ कि छैन, रकमान्तर वा मोलाहिजा गरएिको छ कि भनेर हेर्नु संसद्/सांसदको काम हो। कानुनविद् अधिकारी त सांसदका लागि अहिलेसम्म निकासा गरएिका यस्ता सबै रकम असंवैधानिक रहेको बताउँछन्। भन्छन्, "सांसद विकास कार्यक्रम वा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र विकास जे नाममा गरएि पनि सभासद्को तजबिजमा हुने यस्ता खर्च मुलुकको संविधान अनुसार पुष्टि हुनै सक्दैन। अहिलेको संविधानमा पनि यो कार्यक्रमलाई धान्ने व्यवस्था छैन। जे भइरहेको छ, सुरुदेखि नै गलत भइरहेको छ।"

... यो अभ्यास अन्यत्र पनि रहेको भन्दै सभासद्हरूले बचाउ गर्दै आएका छन्। संसदीय प्रणालीको प्रयोग गर्ने तर संसदीय संस्कृति बलियो गरी स्थापित भइनसकेका भारत, पाकिस्तान, भुटानजस्ता मुलुकमा मात्र यस्तो अभ्यास देखिन्छ। "तर, उन्नत लोकतन्त्रमा न यस्तो अभ्यास छ, न त संवैधानिक व्यवस्था नै," अधिकारी भन्छन्, "यदि यसो गर्न मिल्थ्यो भने हामीकहाँ पनि संविधानमै लेखिएको हुन्थ्यो।"

... सरकारी खर्च नियमित, औचित्यपूर्ण र न्यायोचित छ कि छैन भनेर लेखाजोखा गर्न संवैधानिक अंगका रूपमा महालेखा परीक्षकको व्यवस्था गरएिको छ। महालेखा परीक्षकको प्रतिवेदनले सरकारी खर्चको समीक्षा गर्न संसद्लाई जानकारी उपलब्ध गराउँछ। त्यसका आधारमा पनि सांसदले प्रश्न गर्छन्। तर, सांसदहरू आफैँ बजेट परचिालनमा संलग्न हुन थालेपछि संसद्को यो भूमिका निष्पक्ष र जिम्मेवारीपूर्ण हुन्छ भन्ने मान्यतामा पनि आँच आउने खतरा संविधानविद्हरूले देखेका छन्। सरकारले गल्ती गर्दा वा जनभावनाविपरीत काम गर्दा प्रश्न उठाउने सांसदले आफैँ सरकारको मुख ताक्न थालेपछि तैँ चुप, मै चुपको अवस्था आउने त होइन भन्ने चिन्ता पनि उत्तिकै छ। त्यस्तो अवस्थामा कार्यपालिका र व्यवस्थापिकाबीच शक्ति पृथकीकरण, नियन्त्रण र सन्तुलनको परभिाषा पनि फेरनिेछ। अधिकारी भन्छन्, "आफँै बजेट खर्च गर्न थालेपछि सांसदले अरूको खर्चमा प्रश्न गर्ने हैसियत गुमाउँछन्। त्यसो गर्ने हो भने नियन्त्रण गर्न अब अर्को संसद् बनाउनुपर्‍यो, जसले पैसाको लोभ गर्दैन।")


निमोठिंदै न्यायालय - News (Himal Khabar Patrika, 2014)

आठ न्यायाधीश नियुक्ति प्रकरणमा संसदीय सुनुवाइ समितिदेखि दलका नेता, कानून व्यवसायी र प्रेसले सात दशकको प्रयासबाट निर्माण भएको स्वतन्त्र र सबल न्यायालयलाई कमजोर पार्ने गरी प्रहार गर्दैछन्।... यो अवस्था आउनुमा न्यायपरिषद्, त्यसका प्रमुख र सदस्यहरूको भूमिका पनि उत्तिकै जिम्मेवार देखिन्छ। सबैले यसरी गल्तीमाथि गल्ती थप्दै जाँदा स्वतन्त्र न्यायालयको आधारभूत मान्यताले चोट खानुपरेको बताउँछन्, संविधानविद् डा. विपिन अधिकारी। यो प्रकरणले न्यायपालिकालाई बदनाम बनाएको बताउँदै उनी भन्छन्, "अब ती न्यायाधीशलाई नियुक्ति गरे पनि वा अस्वीकार गरे पनि न्यायालयको पुरानो साख फिर्ता हुन धेरै गाह्रो छ।"...संविधानविद् डा. विपिन अधिकारी न्यायपरिषद्को व्यवस्था प्रधानन्यायाधीश उन्मुख भएकाले न्यायाधीश चयनका विषयमा प्रधानन्यायाधीश सम्पूर्ण रूपमा जिम्मेवार हुने बताउँछन्। राजनीतिक क्षेत्रबाट आएका न्यायपरिषद्का अन्य सदस्यले न्यायाधीश नियुक्तिमा मोलाहिजा गरे पनि प्रधानन्यायाधीशले व्यक्तित्व, क्षमता र विवेक प्रयोग गरेर रोक्नुपर्ने उनको भनाइ छ।...आठ न्यायाधीश नियुक्ति प्रकरण चर्किइरहेका वेला एमाओवादी नेता नारायणकाजी श्रेष्ठले सामाजिक सञ्जाल मार्फत 'भ्रष्ट न्यायालयलाई बमले उडाउनुपर्ने' र न्यायपरिषद्को सिफारिशलाई अस्वीकार गर्नुपर्ने बताए। तर, वरिष्ठ अधिवक्ता राधेश्याम अधिकारी भने श्रेष्ठको भनाइलाई सत्ताप्राप्तिका लागि अदालत र सेनालाई भत्काउन बाँकी रहेको उनीहरूकै पुरानो भनाइको आधारमा हेर्नुपर्ने बताउँछन्। लोकतान्त्रिक दल, पूर्व न्यायमूर्ति, नेपाल बार एसोसिएसन र प्रेसले त्यस्तै बोल्नुलाई भने उनी अनौठो मान्छन्।...अमेरिकामा राष्ट्रपतिले प्रधानन्यायाधीश र न्यायाधीश नियुक्तिको सिफारिश गर्ने र माथिल्लो सदन (सिनेट) ले त्यसको सुनुवाइ गरेर 'चेक' गर्ने प्रणाली रहेको उदाहरण दिंदै संविधानविद् डा. विपिन अधिकारी राष्ट्राध्यक्षीय प्रणाली हुँदा मात्र संसदीय सुनुवाइको व्यवस्था उपयुक्त हुने धारणा राख्छन्। सरकार बनाउने संसद् भएको नेपाल जस्तो मुलुकमा संसदीय सुनुवाइ उपयुक्त नहुने बताउँदै उनी भन्छन्, "संसद्को आन्तरिक प्रयोजनका लागि गरिएको (कार्य सञ्चालन नियमावली) व्यवस्था 'न्यायिक कार्य' का रूपमा प्रयोग गर्न सकिंदैन किनभने एकातिर संविधानले दुईतिहाइबाट संसद्ले प्रधानन्यायाधीश वा न्यायाधीशमाथि महाभियोग लगाउन सक्ने व्यवस्था गरेको छ भने अर्काेतिर संसदीय सुनुवाइ विशेष समितिको दुईतिहाइले न्यायपरिषद्को प्रस्ताव बदर गर्ने व्यवस्था गरेको छैन।"


EC Appoints Dr. Bipin Adhikari the Dean of School of Law - News (Kathmandu University News, January 06, 2014)

(The Kathmandu University School of Law (KUSL) is the latest addition to the Schools of national and international standing in the University. As a flagship project committed towards providing world-class Legal Education to a diverse and talented body of Nepalese students, KUSL is envisioned to further enhance the University's reputation as the premier institution of higher learning in Nepal and the region.

Dr. Adhikari has a Ph.D. in Law from Delhi University, and has established himself as the country's leading constitutional jurist. Prior to his appointment in KU, he headed Nepal Consulting Lawyers Inc. and Nepal Constitution Foundation (NCF), organizations engaged with the constitution building process in Nepal. Dr. Adhikari also has expertise in the area of institution building, human rights, access to justice, legal reforms, governance law and democratization process. He has authored many books, articles and commentaries focusing on themes such as Constitutional Law, Human Rights and Public Policy Analysis.

Dr. Adhikari served in legal, judicial and Human Rights sectors for nine years in Nepal and abroad representing United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the UN Development Programme (UNDP), and the UN peacekeeping missions.

KUSL is launching its first five-year Undergraduate law programme in August 2014. The programme will have a strong management flavour.)


NRN CONFERENCE: For Dual Citizenship - News (New Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol: 07 No. - 8 OCT. 4, 2013 (Asoj 18, 2070))
(Constitutional expert, Dr Bipin Adhikari, pointed out, “The issue of dual citizenship is a very complicated issue. At times, persons may have dual citizenship by automatic operation of different laws rather than by choice. For example, a child born in a foreign country to Nepalese parents may be both a Nepalese citizen and a citizen of the country of birth. But the child must make a choice as soon as s/he attains the age of majority. However, as a rule of the Constitution, Nepal does not recognize the concept of dual citizenship.” Many countries and regions in the world admit and respect dual citizenship, including the United States, United Kingdom, France, Canada and Australia. Most countries do not think that citizens should lose the citizenships of their homeland if they succeed in gaining another country's nationality. However, like Nepal, dual citizenships are not allowed in Denmark, Indonesia, Poland, Japan, Singapore, the Netherlands, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Romania, Thailand, and many other countries. Even the U.S. Government recognizes that dual citizenship exists in some form but does not encourage it as a matter of policy because of the problems it may cause. Adhikari added, “Nepal’s both neighbours, India and China, do not recognize dual citizenship. The China nationality law holds that the country will not admit the dual nationality of a Chinese citizen. It declares that as soon as Chinese take foreign citizenships, they will automatically lose their Chinese citizenship. It has introduced Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) and Person of Indian Origin (PIO) programs, which offer card holders some travel and residency privileges. But it is not the same thing as dual citizenship.” In his opinion, even for those countries which allow dual citizenships, there are strings attached to the offer. Australia and Egypt do not allow dual citizens to contest parliamentary elections. The naturalized citizens in the US cannot run for the offices of President or Vice President. Pakistan allows dual citizenship, but only with 16 specified countries. Countries like Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Spain either restrict or forbid dual citizenship.)


LEGAL EDUCATION: Searching Best Practices - News (New Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol: 07 No. - 8 OCT. 4, 2013 (Asoj 18, 2070))
(In alliance with Kathmandu University (KU) and Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD), Nepal Constitution Foundation (NCF) organized a review discussion on establishing a new School of Law at Kathmandu University. The main focus of the discussion was the “prospect and challenges” facing the Kathmandu University School of Law Steering Committee and others involved in the project. The discussion was attended by members of the School of Law Steering Committee, senior officials from Kathmandu University, former KU Vice Chancellor, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nepal, law advocates and staff members from NCF as well as ASD. The chief speaker of the program was Professor Dr. M.P. Singh, a leading constitutional expert of India and the former Dean of Law Faculty at Delhi University.)


Roundtable Discussion on "Establishing a New School of Law at Kathmandu University: Prospects and challenges" Thursday, September 26, 2013. Organizers: Kathmandu University (KU), Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD) & Nepal Constitution Foundation (NCF), Kathmandu - News (Sep. 26, 2013)
( In alliance with Kathmandu University (KU) and Alliance for Social Dialogue (ASD), Nepal Constitution Foundation (NCF) organized a review discussion on establishing a new School of Law at Kathmandu University. The main focus of the discussion was the "prospect and challenges" facing the Kathmandu University School of Law Steering Committee and others involved in the project. The discussion was attended by members of the School of Law Steering Committee, senior officials from Kathmandu University, former KU Vice Chancellor, former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Nepal, law advocates and staff members from NCF as well as ASD. The chief speaker of the program was Professor Dr. M.P. Singh, a leading constitutional expert of India and the former Dean of Law Faculty at Delhi University.)


The five years' BBM-LLB Course of the Kathmandu University Law School - News (New Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol: 07 No. - 7 Sep. 13, 2013 (Bhadra 28, 2070))
(Dr Bipin Adhikari, a constitutional expert who is leading the School of Law Steering Committee, said, “Students will be allowed to attend moot courts, where they will observe and study legal proceedings. They will be encouraged to visit courts and interact with leading judges and prosecutors of the country. Regular exchange will be arranged with the Nepal Bar Association and its leading lawyers. The prosecutors from the office of the Attorney General will also be involved in training the students. Several similar opportunities will be given to the students to interact with business and management professionals. So it will be a compact course aimed at all-round development in the corporate law students.”)


Judiciary: Judging Judges - News (New Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol: 07 No. -6 Aug. 30, 2013 (Bhadra 14, 2070))
(Dr Bipin Adhikari, a senior constitutional expert, said, "The image of justice as a blindfolded woman balancing scales is a very illustrious example in the legal sector. However, in the system that we have, it is still difficult for women and candidates from most of the ethnic communities to be appointed judge and take on this responsibility due to various obstacles. These obstacles must be removed. It is clear that the Judicial Council has not been able to do it." ...But all is not lost. Although still underrepresented, the Government of Nepal has seen an increase in the participation of women in government, especially as members of the Constituent Assembly. In the dissolved CA of 2007, 32% of the members were women, a must that the Interim Constitution of Nepal 2007 clearly stated: "Notwithstanding anything contained in this clause, in case of women, there should be at least one third of total representation obtained"... Dr Adhikari added on the topic of criteria that "This is not an issue of identity politics. Judges are appointed not for their gender or ethnic biases, but for their knowledge of law, judicial skills and ability to serve as independent arbiters of the law. Their gender and ethnicity is irrelevant in the judicial decision making.")


Nembang team leaves for china - News (SPARAI.COM, August. 24, 2013)
("A seven-member team led by former speaker and senior advocate Subas Nembang left here for Lhasa for a study tour of China today. The team which was invited by the Chinese International Friendship Association for a week-long tour will visit Lhasa, Beijing, and Chengdu and hold talks with Chinese lawyers, said team member and General Secretary of the Parliament Secretariat Manohar Prasad Bhattarai. Other team members are legal advisor to president, Surya Dhungel, under secretary for foreign affairs of the office of the President, Netra Bahadur Tandon, ex-MP Radheshyam Adhikari, expert of constitutional laws Bipin Adhikari and TU Law Faculty Dean Bidya Kishor Raya.")


Kathmandu University's Initiation of a Legal Education - News (New Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol: 07 No. -5 Aug. 9- 2013 (Shrawan 25, 2070))
(Dr. Bipin Adhikari, coordinator of the School of Law Steering Committee, said, "To become a law professional, the primary characteristics to develop is self-discipline, professional ethics, and legal knowledge. This is what the School of Law aspires for."... "From the very first year, it is so important that students have the opportunity to interact with judges, prosecutors, private legal practitioners, and in-house lawyers because these are the areas in which the prospective students of the School of Law will be working," said Adhikari... "This is a mixed course which will fill the gaps of trained lawyers in the corporate sector of Nepal," said Adhikari. "The graduates of BBA-LL.B are to be quickly absorbed by the Nepal Bar Association and commercial banks, insurance companies, international trading houses, major industries, and commercial outfits of the country." ... "This is in an effort to build a complete university campus, where there is everything that a student will need," said Adhikari... "Many people question the validity of establishing a new School of Law. However, our faculty is a mixed one, with teachers both from Nepal and abroad, and the courses on offer will be the best courses in the context of globalization," said Adhikari.)


Apex court verdict splits legal eagles - News (The Kathmandu Post, April 26, 2013 P. 3)
(Advocate Bipin Adhilari defends the move, arguing that this would discourage those people who bring in PIL for a cheap publicity stunt. "PILs are brought before the court to defend the rights of the public. But we have seen that petitions are also filed for populism," said Adhikari. He also seconded the decision to allow a single bench to hear whether a petition can be filed in the court. "The court administration looks into a petition from an administrative point of view to find out whether it meets all technical criteria. But the bench would go into its substance.")


"नेपाल कन्स्टिट्युएण्ट एसेम्ब्ली इम्पासः कमेण्टस् अन अ फेल्ड प्रोसेस" का बारेमा हिमालय टाइम्सको समाचार – २०६९ चैत १६


Appointment of new judges in apex court 'very soon' - News (The Himalayan Times, March 26, 2013)
(KATHMANDU: Legal experts have taken exception to the way political forces have recommended names for appointments at the Supreme Court, saying such move threatens independence of judiciary. “This is against the established norms,” constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari told The Himalayan Times. According to him, the appointment of judges always depends on the core values of the independence of judiciary. “If political parties choose their favourites for the appointments, it will further deteriorate independence of judiciary,” he said. )


Parties gear up for fresh elections, finally - News (Republica, March 22, 2013)
(Constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari said the major political parties and the election government have created constitutional as well as legal grounds for holding polls. He, however, said he was still skeptic “because the major parties haven´t created political grounds for elections. They have announced to hold elections but none of the thorny political disputes -- that led to the dissolution of the previous CA -- has been settled," said Adhikari.)


किन कमजोर भए त्रिशक्ति ? - कान्तिपुर विश्लेषण - (कान्तिपुर दैनिक, २९ पुस, २०६९)
(जति म्याद थपे पनि दलहरूले सहमति गर्न नसकेकामा राष्ट्रपति आजित भए पनि विकल्प सुझाउन नसकेर रनभुल्लमा छन् । स्रोतका अनुसार जतिपटक समय थपे पनि अन्तरिम संविधानको धारा ३८-१) अनुसार सहमतिको सरकार बन्न नसकेको र बहुमतीय प्रक्रियामा जान संसद् नभएको अवस्थामा दलहरूलाई सीमा नतोकी निर्णयमा पुग्न आह्वान गर्ने विकल्पमा शीतलनिवासले गृहकार्य थालेको छ ।

यसअघि कानुन व्यवसायीसँगको छलफलमा पनि राष्ट्रपतिले यस्तै सुझाव पाएका थिए । 'संवैधानिक संसदीय परम्परामा राष्ट्रपतिले प्रक्रियाको ग्यारेन्टी मात्र गर्ने हो, सरकार निर्माण गर्ने होइन,' छलफलमा सहभागी अधिवक्ता विपिन अधिकारीले भने, 'सरकारले अन्तरिम संविधानलाई अघि बढाउन सकेन भने संविधान संरक्षणका हैसियतले राष्ट्राध्यक्षले बाध्यात्मक कदम चाल्नुपर्ने अवस्था हुन सक्छ ।' )


Prez gives parties 7 days to find consensus PM - News (Republica, November 24, 2012)
(Anoter constitutional expert Bipin Adhikari said, "The president has followed a very challenging path. It will be very good if this process produces a prime minister," said Adhikari. "But, it will turn out to a blessing in disguise for Baburam Bhattarai." He said that if the leaders fail to come up with a consensus candidate for the post, the president will have a difficult time ahead.)


Govt floored as EC deadline looms - News (The Kathmandu Post, July 14, 2012)
(Another Constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari said the only alternative is the president exercising his prerogative to issue orders to remove difficulties and retaining incumbent commissioners for a while. "The government and the President should work in unison to make this happen," said Adhikari. Countering Shakya's argument, Adhikari said an appointed commissioner cannot delegate his power to bureaucrats. "The delegated power cannot be re-delegated by an appointed official. It is against the constitution," he said.)


संविधानसभा पुनस्र्थापना 'जोखिमपूर्ण' - News (आर्थिक अभियान, २२ असार, २०६९ (July 6, 2012)
संविधानसभा विघटन भएको १ महिना बित्दा नबित्दै यसको पुनस्थार्पनामा दलहरुले 'लबिङ' शुरु गरिसकेका छन् । प्रधानमन्त्री डा. बाबुराम भट्टराई, एमाओवादी अध्यक्ष पुष्पकमल दाहाल, कांग्रेस सभापति सुशील कोइराला लगायत प्रमुख दलका नेताहरुले 'सहमति भए संविधानसभा पुनस्र्थापना गर्न सकिने' अभिव्यक्ति दिइसकेका छन् । तर, संविधानविद्हरुले यो बाटो घातक हुने चेतावनी दिएका छन् । संविधानविद् डा. विपिन अधिकारी भन्छन्, "अहिलेको स्थितिमा संविधानसभा पुनस्र्थापना गर्नु भनेको संवैधानिक जोखिम निम्त्याउनु हो ।"... Read All


Legal eagles at variance over CA rebirth - News (The Kathmandu Post, June 8, 2012)
(Constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari dismissed the claim that the CA can be revived as per the Interim Constitution. "Such arguments don't hold ground given that the CA expired as per the apex court verdict". He said that the chapter concerning the CA in the Interim Constitution has come to an end after the term of the CA expired.He clarified that any move to revive the CA would be unconstitutional and seriously undermine the independence of the judiciary, as the apex court had already termed the last extension of CA as "final".Adhikari also said that even the President does not have any right to amend the constitution.)


चुक्यो राजनीतिक नेतृत्व - News (कान्तिपुर, जेठ १५, २०६९)
(संवैधानिक कानुनका ज्ञाता डा. विपिन अधिकारी संविधानसभाले तय गरेका प्रक्रिया अत्यन्त महत्त्वाकांक्षी भएको ठान्छन् । किन ? 'संविधानवाद बुझेका विज्ञहरूको भूमिका नखोजी राजनीतिक नेतृत्वले सबै काम आफैं गर्छु भन्ने हठ देखाउँदा यो दुर्दशा भयो,' डा. अधिकारीको थप तर्क छ, 'संविधानविद्हरूबाट खाका बनाएर सभामा पेस गरी टुङ्ग्याएको भए प्रक्रिया सरल हुन्थ्यो ।'

क्षमता र कुशलता राजनीतिक नेतृत्वमा मात्रै होइन, संविधानसभाको नेतृत्वमा पनि देखिएन । डा. अधिकारीका अनुसार, संविधान निर्माणको जिम्मेवारीमा राजनीतिक नेतृत्वदेखि संविधानसभाको नेतृत्व दुवै चुक्यो । 'संविधान निर्माणको जिम्मेवारी न त संविधानसभाको नेतृत्वले लिन सक्यो न राजनीतिक दल न त सरकारले नै,' भन्छन्- 'संविधान बनाउन भनेर कसैले दुःखै गरेन ।' संविधान मिसनका क्याप्टेन सभाध्यक्ष हुन् । त्यसैले संविधानसभाको असफलतामा जति प्रमुख राजनीतिक नेतृत्व दोषी छ, उनी पनि त्यत्तिकै भागीदार छन् । हुन त उनीसित कार्यकारी अधिकार निहित हुँदैन । उनले छलफल र परामर्श गरेरै बढ्ने जिम्मेवारी पाएका थिए । संविधानसभाको नियमावलीले व्यवस्था गरेका प्रक्रियालाई कडाइका साथ लागू गर्ने उनको जिम्मेवारी थियो । 'त्यसमा पनि उनी चुके,' एक विश्लेषक भन्छन् ।

भाजपाको अध्यक्ष राजनाथ सिंहले नेपालको राजनीतिमा अनावश्यक विदेशी चलखेल भयो भनिरहेकै बेला विश्लेषक भुर्तेल मात्रै होइन, संवैधानिक कानुनका ज्ञाता अधिकारी पनि विदेशी चलखेललाई नेपालको पछिल्लो राजनीतिक असफलताका कारक मान्छन् । 'हाम्रा आफ्नै दलहरू विभिन्न बाह्य एजेन्सीबाट प्रभावित भए,' उनी भन्छन्- 'मधेस र माओवादीभित्र खेल्ने अनि कांग्रेस र एमालेलाई कमजोर पार्ने काम भयो ।' उनी त के सम्म भन्छन् भने संविधानसभा 'अन्डर कभर अपरेसन' को सिकार भयो ।

अत्यन्त जटिल मोडमा पुगेको नेपाली राजनीतिको अबको बाटो के होला ? यसले नेपाली समाजमा कति धु्रवीकृत होला ? डा. अधिकारीका विचारमा अबका दिनमा क्ष्ाेत्रीय, जातीयवादले अझ धेरै प्रश्रय पाउने जोखिम छ । उनी अब फेरि संविधानसभाको चुनाव गर्न नहुने तर्क गर्छन् । तर सँगसँगै संसदीय चुनावको चाहिँ वकालत गर्छन् । 'अब के भनेर भोट माग्ने ? विघटन भयो अब सकियो,' उनी थप्छन्- 'बरु अब वैकल्पिक उपायका लागि पहिले संसद्को चुनाव गर्नुपर्छ । संसद्को चुनाव भएपछि त्यसमा संविधान लेखनलाई कसरी अगाडि बढाउने भनेर छलफल हुन्छ । एउटा जनप्रतिनिधिमूलक संस्था आवश्यक पर्छ ।' उनका सुझावमा अब सरकारले राष्ट्रपतिको सहयोगमा संक्रमणकालीन व्यवस्था गर्नुपर्छ ।)


Nepal, without constitutional rudder, drifts into peril - Interview ( The Globe and Mail, May 29, 2012)
(Bipin Adhikari, an expert in constitutional law, said he believes the prime minister should have resigned when the constitutional assembly deadline passed, since it was the source of his authority. "But even before that, he should have had an exit plan ready before the expiry of the term," he said.)


Comentary on May 27, 2012 - Interview (News24 Television, May 28, 2012) (on clip from15m15 sec)
("It was not expected of the Prime Minister to declare the date of election unilaterally as the leader of caretaker government. He should have been acting in consortium with other political parties and with the aid and advised of the President.")


Concern as Nepal faces power vacuum - News (vancouverdesi.com , May 28, 2012)
("After the Constituent Assembly failed to deliver the constitution, the prime minister should have resigned," constitutional law expert Bipin Adhikari told AFP. "But even before that, he should have had an exit plan ready before the expiry of the term," he added. "All he did is let the deadline for the CA pass and (the CA) dissolve.")


Unconstitutional, say legal eagles - News (The Kathmandu Post, May 23, 2012)
(Constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari said “Nepal does not seem to have a government that honours the verdicts issued by the courts” and that the move compromises the idea of an independent judiciary.)


जेठ १४ पछिको संवैधानिक राजनैतिक स्थिति सम्बन्धमा बहस - कार्यक्रम नयाँ नेपाल, रमा पराजुलीसँग (बिबिसी नेपाली सेवा, २०६९ वैशाख ३०)


Lawyers at variance over Constitutional Court - News (The Kathmandu Post, April 24, 2012)
(Bipin Adhikari claimed that since the CC is being considered a structure parallel to the Supreme Court, there will be confusion as to who would be part of it given its time-bound nature. He also argued that there is a possibility of judges being re-appointed, which, according to him, could politicise the judiciary. "This tendency will endanger the concept of career judge as parties will look for candidates close to their political line".)


Nepal dam deal opens door to China - News (Asia Times, April 18, 2012)
(Those who favorably viewed China's interest and investment in West Seti took exception to the parliamentary committee's intervention as encroachment on the powers of the executive wing of the state. "I was shocked to find the committee issuing a stay order and behaving like the Supreme Court," Bipin Adhikari, a constitutional lawyer, told Asia Times Online. His stinging comment also appeared in a leading Kathmandu newspaper.)


राष्ट्रपतिले संविधान जारी गर्दा सर्त राख्न सक्छन् कि सक्दैनन ? – (न्युज कमेण्ट) सुरेन्द्र फुयाँलसँग (BBC Nepali Service, April 13, 2012)


Final Countdown: Parliament under pressure to meet May deadline for constitution - News (Asia 360 News in Context, April 13, 2012)


Action against Special Court judges uncertain - News (The Kathmandu Post, February 23, 2012)
(Advocate Bipin Adhikari said that since the Chief Justice, who is the head of the JC, has not been able to propose action against the judges, the JC takes a long time to sort out the complaints.)


Electoral System Design and Affirmative Action's for Ensuring Women's
Human Rights and Gender Equality
- News (The Kathmandu Post, January 26, 2012)


Nepal's fate after May 28, 2010 Constituent Assembly deadline - News (Look and Gaze, December 22, 2011)
(Advocate Bipin Adhikari, an expert who subscribes to this school, says the only alternative the parties have at their disposal to avert the impending crisis is to go for a 'framework constitution," which contains the basic provisions agreed by all parties in the CA – should a "complete constitution" not come out on time.

"This issue is more political than legal," says Adhikari. "Idea of framework constitution is an internally accepted way to handle any transitional phase."

Proponents of this idea maintain that since there are only three more concept papers to be submitted the parties can easily adopt a "framework constitution" within the remaining time and continue to build on it later. There is no point, says Adhikari, in trying to find out 'excuses' for unconstitutional adventurism through "meticulous legal interpretation.")


Nepal in constitutional anarchy - News (Asia Times, August 19, 2011)
(Regardless of the permutations, there remains great uncertainty about who will be Nepal's next prime minister, and over what happens if the country does not manage to select a premier before August 31. If it does, constitutional expert Bipin Adhikari foresees the caretaker premier quickly pushing for a further extension of the assembly's tenure by another three months. However, he says that allowing this to happen for such a major constitutional work "would clearly be a prescription for further weakening the legitimacy of constitutional assembly".)


Morcha discusses German model - News (The Kathmandu Post, June 19, 2011)
(Experts also agree with the German model. This model asks the parties/leaders tabling a no-confidence motion in the parliament to present alternative candidates, said constitutional lawyer Bipin Adhikari. Therefore, it makes mandatory that an alternative candidate has to be chosen while tabling such a proposal, he said. He said that since the German model has provision on the representation in upper chambers of states based on population, the Morcha might have been holding discussions on it. This model may address the Madhes-based parties' call for representation on the basis of population, he said.)


'Statute should be owned by people' - News (The Rising Nepal, March 30, 2011)


Challenges in drafting the new constitution discussed - News (nepalnews.com, February 5, 2011)
(Chairperson of Nepal Constitution Foundation, Dr Bipin Adhikari, emphasized that the process to work on integrated first draft of the new constitution must start immediately based on the drafts submitted by the thematic committees of the Constituent Assembly. "Although there are divergent proposals on some key issues, it should not prevent the Constitutional Committee to work on two or three parallel drafts, while the efforts at striking an integrated position on all these issues are under way," said Dr Adhikari adding, "the CC should also develop a mechanism within its framework to be benefited by constitutional experts and thematic specialists available in the country outside the government framework." "They can also work together with the Constituent Assembly to revise the CA Rules, which must be properly adjusted if the constitution is to be adopted within next four months. The formal processes that are internalized by the rules do not give much time now to adopt the new constitution without readjusting them. This also means further compromise with the participative mechanisms, and time for the people to respond to the first integrated draft of the constitution.")


NRNs welcome 'dual citizenship' provision in Kenya - News (nepalnews.com, August 7, 2010)
(Analysts, who are watching the constitution drafting exercise in Kenya from close quarters, say Nepal could learn a lot from Kenya. Dr Bipin Adhikari, a constitutional expert, said the issue of dual citizenship must be decided in the larger interest of the country. "All modern Kenyans understand how important the Kenyans residing abroad are to their economy. They are said to be the second highest foreign currency earner for Kenya remitting over $611 million dollars in 2008. These remittances are a main source of foreign exchange for the country and have significantly contributed to economic growth by providing a source of investment funds," said Dr Adhikari, adding, "Besides, Kenya's geo-political situation and neighbourhood situation is different than of Nepal. Some stability in the home front is of prime importance for Nepal to take crucial decisions in this regard. At the moment I think what the Constituent Assembly has proposed is not bad. It could be a basis to move into the future.")


NRNs welcome 'dual citizenship' provision in Kenya - News (ekantipur.com, December 24, 2009)
(To many, arguments based on interpretations of the constitution alone are not the solution. Advocate Bipin Adhikari says the only alternative the parties have at their disposal to avert the impending crisis is to go for a 'framework constitution', which contains the basic provisions agreed by all parties in the CA--should a "complete constitution" not come out on time. "This issue is more political than legal," says Adhikari. Proponents of this idea maintain that since there are only three more concept papers to be submitted, the parties can easily adopt a "framework constitution" within the remaining time and continue to build on it later. There is no point, says Adhikari, in trying to find out 'excuses' for unconstitutional adventurism through "meticulous legal interpretation.")


Group Gears Up for Godavari Suit - by Juliet Bourne (The Independent, July 1, 1992)
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