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डा. हर्क गुरुङ (संयोजक), नेपालमा आन्तरिक तथा अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय बसाइ–सराइको मूल प्रतिवेदन (बसाइ–सराइ अध्ययन कार्य समूहः राष्ट्रिय जनसंख्या आयोग, साउन २०४०) - सारांश र सुझावहरु

भूमिकाः विशाल खनाल (लिखित), विश्वका प्रमुख कानुन प्रणालीहरु, प्रथम संस्करण (काठमाण्डौ, २०७३) - May 12, 2016

मन्तव्यः विशाल खनाल (लिखित), - नेपालको न्यायप्रशासनः एक ऐतिहासिक सिंहावलोकन (काठमाण्डौ, २०७२) - December 06, 2015

Independence of Judiciary: Under Threat, Again, Spotlight Newsmagazine, December 18, 2008

Slogan of Constitution Making Weapon for Political Instability, Spotlight Newsmagazine, November 7, 2008

Restructuring of State: Slogan of Decentralization Under Centralized Leadership, Spotlight Newsmagazine, July 10, 2008

Republic rush, www.newsfront.com.np, June 2, 2008

Have we acted in haste only to repent at leisure? Peoples Review, May 30, 2008

Secular Republic of Nepal is born, www.indianexpress.com, May 29, 2008

RPP-Nepal becomes the only party against republic; some lawyers question procedures adopted by CA, nepalnews.com, May 29, 2008

Monarchy On Trial, Spotlight Newsmagazine, vol 27, No. 35, May 16, 2008, Page 12-16

Constituent Assembly: Mission Incomplete, Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol. 27, No. 34, May 9, 2008, Page 18-20

Inexplicable Results - Constituent Assembly Elections, Spotlight Newsmagazine, Vol. 27, No. 31, April 18, 2008 (Baishakh 06 2065 B.S.)

Citizenship En Masse: Playing With Demographic Fire, www.scoop.co.nz, September 15, 2006


Democracy and the United Nations - PDF file (A Publication of United Nations)
Democracy is one of the universal and indivisible core values and principles of the United Nations. It is based on the freely expressed will of people and closely linked to the rule of law and exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Although the United Nations Charter includes no mention of the word "democracy", the opening words of the Charter, "We the Peoples", reflect the fundamental principle of democracy, that the will of the people is the source of legitimacy of sovereign states and therefore of the United Nations as a whole.


United Nations: Guidance Note of the Secretary-General on Democracy (2009) - PDF file (A Publication of United Nations)
This note sets out the United Nations framework for democracy based on universal principles, norms and standards, emphasizing the internationally agreed normative content, drawing on lessons learned from experience and outlining the areas of support in which the UN has comparative advantages. It commits the Organization to principled, coherent and consistent action in support of democracy.


Critical Path analysis in Legal Reform Projects
Critical Path Analysis (CPA) is a project management tool that sets out all the individual activities that make up a larger project; shows the order in which activities have to be undertaken; shows which activities can only taken place once other activities have been completed; shows which activities can be undertaken simultaneously, thereby reducing the overall time taken to complete the whole project; shows when certain resources will be needed. This process determines which activities are "critical" (i.e., on the longest path) and which have "total float" (i.e., can be delayed without making the project longer). This is a suitable project management tool for legal reform projects as well.
(http://tutor2u.net/business/production/critical-path-analysis.htm)


Parliament 2020: Visioning the Future Parliament
The focus of Parliament 2020: Visioning the Future Parliament is on how UK parliaments can improve processes, enhance communication and better engage with citizens. The participants in the research project comprised parliamentarians, parliamentary officials and members of the public from four countries (Australia, Canada, Chile and the UK). The barriers to engagement they identified include: lack of effective political literacy education; lack of accountability, transparency and access to information; the use of complicated and archaic language; lack of opportunities for interaction between elected representatives and the public; ineffective use of new technologies; and insufficient resources for parliamentary engagement.

Connecting Citizens to Parliament
The UK report "Connecting Citizens to Parliament" demonstrates that half the public (52%) are not really interested in Parliament and do not want to be involved in what it does.The research explores which communities and social groups are not engaging with Parliament, why and how this might be redressed. It concludes that connecting with 'hard to reach' groups cannot be achieved by a sudden radical change of approach, but demands a number of smaller cumulative step-changes, many of which Parliament can initiate or suggest but cannot necessarily lead.


Political Economy Analysis: How to Note - A DFID Practice Paper (July 2009)- pdf file
Political economy analysis is a powerful tool for improving the effectiveness of aid. Bridging the traditional concerns of politics and economics, it focuses on how power and resources are distributed and contested in different contexts, and the implications for development outcomes. It gets beneath the formal structures to reveal the underlying interests, incentives and institutions that enable or frustrate change. Such insights are important if we are to advance challenging agendas around governance, economic growth and service delivery, which experience has shown do not lend themselves to technical solutions alone.


Problem-Driven Governance and Political Economy Analysis - Good Practice Framework (The World Bank)
Governance and political economy analysis has a crucial part to play in enhancing the effectiveness of development. Across the World Bank, there is a widely shared perception that we need to gain a better understanding of the environments in which Bank operations are taking place and seek to promote progressive change (IEG 2006, 2008). This coincides with an increasing recognition that governance and political economy (GPE) factors play a powerful role not only in a country's overall development path, but also for shaping policies in various sectors and the way they are being implemented. Moreover, an analytic approach to governance and political economy is essential to making progress in addressing governance to unlock development, as committed to in the 2007 GAC Strategy and subsequent Implementation Plan. The objective of this good practice framework is to systematize approaches to governance and political economy analysis and to provide readily available orientation for World Bank task team leaders (TTLs) and teams.


Strategic Governance and Corruption Assessment (SGACA) framework: Designing Strategic Responses Towards Good Governance: Netherland Institute of International Relations (2007)
In recent years the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its Embassies have made considerable progress in analysing the governance climate in partner countries. The Strategic Governance And Corruption Analysis (SGACA) is designed as a tool to build on and enhance those efforts, by facilitating a more strategic approach to analysing the context for governance and anti-corruption for each partner country. The Clingendael Institute has developed the SGACA to assist Embassies in implementing this approach, tailored to country circumstances. It is a practical guide to help structure and analyse existing information – a 'quick-scan' – that focuses on formal and informal aspects of governance in a particular context. Different tools and processes, such as the Track Record and the current Multi Annual Strategic Plan generate important information for this purpose. The SGACA is complementary to these instruments and seeks to deepen the countryspecific understanding of governance and corruption.


Library of PEA resources: The Policy Practice Library has an up-to-date collection of papers, both published and unpublished, covering political economy approaches to development analysis, policy and practice.

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